Precautions to be taken in Internet Security

Precautions to be taken in Internet Security

Digital Era Brings Both Opportunities and Cybersecurity Risks. While the internet brings many opportunities in the digital age, cybersecurity risks are also increasing with internet usage. Identity theft attacks, malware, data breaches and other online threats are among the potential risks individuals and organizations may face. Therefore, it is extremely important to be aware of internet security and know the measures that can be taken.



Internet security is the responsibility of every individual and organization. As individuals, we need to take steps to protect our online accounts and personal information. Similarly, it is vitally important for businesses to take necessary measures to protect customer information, financial data and trade secrets.

Measures that can be taken for internet security should be considered across a wide range. Using strong passwords, keeping software and antivirus programs up to date, safe internet usage, protecting personal information, using secure internet connections, two-factor authentication, protection from phishing emails and websites, measures for child internet safety, measures for network security, creating data backup and recovery plans are the key aspects that need to be considered regarding internet security.

It is extremely important to know and implement these measures in order to make the best use of opportunities offered by the internet and stay safe in the digital world. In this article, we will address the measures individuals and businesses can take regarding internet security separately and provide the necessary information and strategies for both segments to exist more securely in the digital world.


Table of Contents hide
Strong Password

As the number of websites, mobile apps and social media platforms requiring membership registration increases, it is becoming increasingly difficult to create unpredictable passwords. Users often tend to use a single easy-to-remember password across many different places. Users who do not put enough care into creating strong passwords are forced to face security issues.

Strong passwords should be as long as the maximum character limit allowed by the registered service. To prevent brute force attacks where malicious software tries thousands of potential passwords until it finds the correct one, passwords should consist of random combinations of numbers, uppercase and lowercase letters and special characters.

Examples of 8-character Strong Passwords: 6?!EXN7p, R#jPdd3c, At?89r@z

Examples of 12-character Strong Passwords: !9KpsctKKS8K, Kf@z8$R5bDq!, 6n#djPNNQ9bs

Examples of 16-character Strong Passwords: y#As3De9jKGNtYG&, bPo8J?Ky3aYM?Sfs, R6?5?rF@MK7e#oxG


What Kinds of Passwords Should We Avoid Using?

Terms such as name, surname, phone number, date of birth, parent names, special date anniversaries, nicknames, pet name if any, should never be included in the passwords to be created. In summary, there should be no connection between your personal information and your password. Commonly known and used idioms, phrases, movie titles, song lyrics, names of famous people should not be used. Numbers such as foundation dates of favorite sports teams or national holidays should never be preferred. Passwords such as 12345, 112233 or qwerty, which are easy to write and remember, should also never be used.


Tips for Creating a Strong Password

Some basic points need to be considered when creating a password. You can consider the following tips listed below to create a difficult, strong password…


Prefer Longer Passwords

The more characters a password consists of, the harder it becomes to crack through trial and error. Of course, the length of a password alone is never enough. A password compiled from personal information that can be easily found with a short online search can be cracked easily, even if it is very long.


Change Your Password Regularly

Passwords for digital memberships, especially banking services, must be changed regularly. Some services may use reminders to change your password. Even if there is no such reminder mechanism, regularly change the password for critical services you use.


Use Special Characters

Prefer passwords that contain special characters like @, !, %, & in addition to numbers and letters.


Misspell Words

You can make guessing harder by intentionally misspelling words in your password.


Use Two-Factor Authentication

If the platform you set your password for supports two-factor authentication, definitely activate it. This way, even if your password is somehow obtained, you will be secured thanks to the code sent to your mobile phone.


Don’t Use Your Password on Public Computers

Never log into a service using your password on devices like computers and tablets in publicly accessible places such as internet cafes or libraries.


Don’t Store Your Password Reminder List Digitally

Many users write down the passwords they use for different digital services on a piece of paper and keep it safely. However, taking a photo of this paper and storing it on your phone or directly saving it as text on your computer is extremely risky. Since a malicious person accessing your phone or computer could obtain all your passwords at once, store your password reminder list only in a physical environment and in a secure place.


Antivirus Software


Antivirus software entered our lives as programs that could detect and remove viruses infecting a computer while also preventing their spread to other computers. Over the years, with the increase in malicious software types and the adoption of new methods, they also started offering more advanced security functions in addition to their basic virus … protection … duties. While today’s modern antivirus software has long surpassed just finding and preventing viruses, they are still referred to by this name.

Using antivirus software provides protection against many cyberattack methods such as identity theft, unauthorized crypto mining, keylogging, ransomware encrypting files and demanding ransom, information theft through Trojans, and fraud by taking over social media accounts.

First generation antivirus software only had the ability to scan computers for known viruses. Modern antivirus software can now detect even previously unknown threats thanks to technologies like behavior analysis and heuristic detection. Thanks to machine learning and cloud-supported technologies, it is now possible to be protected from thousands of new threats emerging every day.


Antivirus Software can

Protect from Viruses and Malware, Identity Theft Attacks, Provide Fast Scanning of Removable Devices, Two-Way Firewall Protection, Block Ads and Spam Websites, and Offer Password and Web Protection.


Types of Antivirus Software

The most common types of antivirus software include anti-malware, anti-spyware, browser security, and network firewalls. Businesses may also use identity theft protection and junk mail filters to protect emails from potential viruses.

Anti-malware provides protection against a wide variety of computer threats. Any software designed to disable or damage a computer is classified as “malicious software”. Some malware, called Trojans, masquerade as legitimate software and damage computers after being installed. Other types of malicious software, called “worms”, can self-replicate and spread rapidly through many different files.

Anti-spyware (spyware prevention) tools are designed to detect and block programs that violate privacy or monitor users’ computer activities without their consent. Spyware is a malicious program that secretly collects and transmits private information like passwords and credit card numbers to hackers.

Network firewalls monitor and control incoming and outgoing network traffic to prevent unauthorized access. They can block access to websites associated with malware distribution as well as suspicious file transfers.

Browser security extensions and plugins protect web browsers from various online threats such as phishing scams and drive-by malware installations through compromised or malicious websites. They can block unwanted programs from automatically installing without permission.


Using Two-Factor Authentication


One of the most prominent measures that can be taken for internet security is using “two-factor authentication”. This method provides an additional layer of security for our accounts. Below you can find more information about the importance of two-factor authentication and how it can be effectively implemented.

Two-factor authentication requires not only your password when logging into your account, but also a verification code that is sent to your phone via SMS or received through a special application. This is a highly effective security measure to prevent unauthorized access to your account.

Using this method increases the security of your account and makes it more difficult for unauthorized access to be gained. Two-factor authentication is generally found in the settings section of your account and is very easy to enable. Many online platforms and services offer different methods to provide this additional security layer, such as sending a verification code via SMS for some or providing this code through a special app for others. 

Enabling two-factor authentication is an important step in increasing the security of our accounts. This method protects our accounts against unauthorized access and strengthens our online security. Therefore, it is extremely important from an internet security perspective to be aware of the importance of two-factor authentication and how it can be effectively implemented.


Being Aware of Personal Information Protection and Taking Necessary Precautions


Protecting personal information is crucial in today’s digital world where we share a lot of data online. Taking the necessary measures to safeguard personal details is a key step to protect ourselves against identity theft, scams and other online threats. Some of the important precautions that can be taken for personal information protection include using strong passwords, opting for secure internet connections, employing up-to-date antivirus software, being careful about what personal data is shared and avoiding disclosure of unnecessary details.

Enabling two-factor authentication is also highly effective in securing personal information. This method provides an extra layer of security to prevent unauthorized access to accounts. Additionally, being wary of phishing emails and websites and reporting any suspicious activity or requests helps strengthen personal information protection.

Protecting children’s personal data is also of great importance. Parents closely monitoring their kids’ internet usage, teaching them what information can and cannot be shared plays a vital role in safeguarding children’s details.

Safeguarding personal information is a fundamental aspect of internet security. Taking these precautions can make our online experiences more secure. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every internet user to be aware of personal information protection measures and the steps that need to be taken. Being conscious about personal data security online is paramount.


Using Secure Internet Connections


The security of internet connections is a fundamental part of our online experience. Using secure internet connections plays a critical role in protecting our personal and financial information. Below, you can find more detailed information about the importance of using secure internet connections and the precautions that can be taken.

Secure internet connections are especially important when surfing open and public networks. Wi-Fi networks that we typically use at home or work, protected by passwords, are usually secure, but public Wi-Fi networks or other shared networks can pose security risks. When browsing through such networks, it is important to take extra measures to protect your personal information.

One of the most effective ways to use secure internet connections is by utilizing virtual private network (VPN) services. VPNs encrypt your internet traffic and secure your data, protecting your privacy. It is also important to prefer the HTTPS protocol for secure internet connections. Secure websites start with “https://” in the address bar and display a secure lock icon in your browser. Such sites encrypt data during transmission, protecting your information.

It is also important to use an up-to-date and reliable firewall and antivirus program for secure internet connections. Such software provides protection against malware and monitors your internet connection. Being conscious about secure internet connections is also important. Avoiding suspicious connections, refraining from downloading files from unknown sources, and preferring trusted websites are basic steps for using secure internet connections.

Using secure internet connections is a critical step to enhance our online security. By taking these precautions, we can protect our personal and financial information and make our online experience more secure. Therefore, being aware of and knowledgeable about secure internet connections is the responsibility of every internet user.



Protecting Against Phishing Emails and Websites


Taking precautions against phishing emails and websites is crucially important for internet security. Such fraudulent attempts can put our personal and financial information at risk.

Phishing emails and websites are commonly used as a type of scam known as “phishing.” These attacks are carried out through emails or websites that appear to be from a trusted organization or individual but are actually fake. These fraudulent messages are typically designed to steal your personal information or infect malware.

One of the most effective ways to protect against phishing emails and websites is to be vigilant. Carefully examining emails to check if they are genuinely from a trusted source is important. It is also crucial to carefully inspect URLs in emails before clicking on links and avoid websites that seem untrustworthy.

In addition, using reliable antivirus and anti-phishing software can also help in protecting against phishing emails and websites. Such software can detect potentially malicious content and warn you, enhancing your online security. They work to identify phishing scams … and block access to fraudulent websites.

Being aware of phishing tactics is key to avoiding these types of online scams. With vigilance and using protective software, we can better safeguard our personal information and finances from phishing attacks.


Measures That Can Be Taken for Children’s Internet Security


It is highly important to raise awareness and protect children against digital piracy. This is because children frequently use the internet and can be vulnerable to online threats. Some strategies that can be used to raise awareness and protect children against digital piracy are:


Establish Open Communication

Communicate openly with your children and explain the risks of the digital world to them. Discuss safe online behaviors and answer their questions.


Teach Online Privacy

Explain the risks of sharing personal…information to your children and emphasize that they should never provide personal details to strangers or unknown platforms.


Teach Strong Passwords

Explain the importance of strong and unique passwords. Teach them to create strong passwords and not share these passwords.


Social Media Awareness

If your children use social media, educate them about privacy settings and limit their profile information.


Teach Avoiding Harmful Content

Teach your children to avoid inappropriate content and to contact you or a trusted adult if they encounter any disturbing situation. 


Raise Awareness About Cyberbullying

Explain to your children that cyberbullying is a serious issue and emphasize the importance of respecting others. Provide support if your child becomes a victim of cyberbullying.


Use Safe Internet Tools

You can monitor your children’s online activities using family safety software and device filters.


Raise Awareness Through Educational Games and Activities

You can teach your children about digital security topics through fun and educational games or activities. 


Lead by Example

Review your own online behaviors and set a good example for your children. Demonstrate positive digital habits to guide them in the right direction.


Limit Internet Time

By limiting the time your children spend online, you can encourage them to spend more time on other activities and family interactions.


Network Security Measures

Network security plays a critical role in protecting individuals’ and organizations’ online assets. Network security encompasses elements like computer networks, servers, devices, and data communication. In this context, measures that can be taken for network security may include:


Strong Passwords and Authentication

One of the most fundamental steps for network security is using strong and unique passwords. Multi-factor authentication is also an important additional security layer.


Firewall and Antivirus Software

Using firewalls and up-to-date antivirus software on computer networks can prevent malicious software and other threats from entering the network.


Up-to-date Software and System Management

Having all devices on the network running up-to-date software and regularly applying security updates is vitally important for network security.

Data Encryption

Encrypting sensitive data can increase security during data transmission over the network and prevent data breaches.


Network Traffic Monitoring and Log Review

Monitoring network traffic and regularly reviewing logs are important for detecting potential threats and ensuring network security.


Education and Awareness

Educating network users about security and increasing their awareness can make them more resilient against threats like social engineering attacks.


Creating Data Backup and Recovery Plans


These measures are important for enhancing network security and protecting against online threats. Taking such measures and precautions for network security is critically important for individuals and organizations to protect their online assets and experience a safe digital experience.

Creating data backup and recovery plans is a key step for internet security. Such plans help safeguard your information and ensure business continuity in the event of data loss. Here are the basic steps to create data backup and recovery plans:


Create a Data Inventory

The first step is to identify and categorize all the data you own. This inventory is important to determine how frequently each type of data will be backed up and recovered.


Determine Backup Strategy

It’s important to decide how frequently different data will be backed up and where it will be stored. Critical data should be backed up more regularly and stored in multiple locations. 


Use Automatic Backup Systems

Automatic backup systems reliably perform backups of your data at regular intervals, removing the risk of human error.


Create a Recovery Plan

It’s important to have a plan that outlines the steps to take in the event of data loss. This can expedite the recovery process and ensure business continuity.


Test Backups Regularly

Created backup systems must be tested regularly to ensure backups are intact and will work properly in a potential data loss scenario.


Establish Security and Access Controls

Controls should be put in place to ensure only authorized individuals can access backed up data.

These steps help to effectively establish data backup and recovery plans. These plans help businesses and individuals protect their information and ensure business continuity in the event of data loss.




Internet security is of great importance for everyone in today’s digital world. The topic of “Measures that Can Be Taken for Internet Security” covered in this article includes basic strategies that will help individuals and businesses experience a safer online environment. Using strong passwords, using up-to-date software and antivirus programs, conscious internet usage, protecting personal information, using secure internet connections, using two-factor authentication, protecting from fake emails and websites, measures that can be taken for children’s internet security, measures that can be taken for network security, and creating data backup and recovery plans raise awareness and take necessary steps regarding internet security issues.

Each of these precautions makes us more resilient against online threats and allows us to navigate the digital world more securely. However, continuous awareness and education is required regarding internet security. In an age where technology is evolving rapidly, we should regularly review our security measures and develop new strategies to protect ourselves and our information against emerging threats.

In conclusion, internet security is the responsibility of each one of us. By implementing the measures covered in this article, we can experience a safer and more protected online experience. We should not forget that by acting consciously and carefully, we can stay safe in the digital world and positively shape our online experience.

Mert Doğukan is an experienced C-level executive, CISO, specialized in information security and risk management. With strong leadership qualities and strategic vision, he plays a crucial role in protecting and ensuring the security of the company's information assets. He demonstrates top-level performance in developing, implementing, and auditing corporate-level information security strategies. Additionally, he closely monitors technological advancements to continuously update and enhance the company's cybersecurity infrastructure.

Related Posts